- In the early stages, your gastroenterologist may be able to remove polyps without cutting into the abdomen by inserting a slender tube through the rectum. An early polypectomy may prevent cancer. Once cancer is diagnosed, surgery should be performed and a section of the colon is removed.
- This is a form of "systemic" therapy, given either in tablet form or intravenously through a drip to attack cancer cells no matter where they are. It is used as adjuvant therapy, in an attempt to cure cancer which has spread, or as palliative therapy.
- radiation therapy. This kills cancer cells by using high-energy rays pointed at the affected area. It prevents cancer cells from continuing to grow and divide.
- nutrition and physical activity.
Potential side-effects of therapy include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and mouth sores, but your doctor can suggest ways to deal with these problems. It’s important to eat well and stay active during and after cancer treatment. Walking, yoga, swimming and other activities can keep you strong and increase your energy. Whatever physical activity you choose, be sure to talk to your doctor before you start or if it causes you pain.