Q. What is uterine/uterus cancer?
Uterine cancer is cancer of the uterus. The most common type is endometrial cancers. Endometrial cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the lining of the uterus. The lining is called the endometrium. Endometrial cancer is also called cancer of the uterus, or uterine cancer. Endometrial cancer usually occurs in women older than 50.
Q. What causes endometrial (uterine/uterus) cancer?
The most common cause of type I endometrial cancer is having too much of the hormone oestrogen compared to the hormone progesterone in the body. This hormone imbalance causes the lining of the uterus to get thicker and thicker. If the lining builds up and stays that way, then cancer cells can start to grow.
Women who have this hormone imbalance over time may be more likely to get endometrial cancer after age 50.
Q. What are the symptoms of endometrial (uterine/uterus) cancer?
The most common symptoms include
- bleeding or vaginal discharge not related to your period (menstruation)
- pain during sex
- pelvic pain
Q. How is endometrial cancer treated?
The main treatment for endometrial cancer is surgery to remove the uterus plus the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This is called a hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Other treatments include radiation therapy, hormone therapy or chemotherapy.