How is cancer treated using surgery?

A cancer tumour that has not spread can be removed. This is done by a surgeon during an operation. The tumour – and sometimes some more tissue – is taken out. Sometimes it is followed by chemotherapy and/ or radiation therapy (see below). Not all cancers can be removed in this way; sometimes the doctors use medicines like chemotherapy to shrink and control the cancer. A multidisciplinary team works together to determine which treatment you need. This team consists of a surgeon, radiation oncologist and medical oncologist – as well as radiation therapists and nurses. Your diagnoses and general health conditions will determine your treatment. Feel free to ask any questions throughout your treatment process. The therapy team is especially trained to assist you in any way possible, and this includes referring you to counsellors, dieticians and social workers.