What are the risk factors for cancer?

  • smoking cigarettes or using tobacco products like snuff, pipe or chewing tobacco.
  • having been sunburned often
  • some viruses: HIV, HPV and Hepatitis B virus
  • unhealthy lifestyle: being overweight, limited physical exercise, too much alcohol, too many sugars and too much red meat, not enough vegetables and fruit
  • genetic: a family history of cancer (some of your close relatives – father, mother, brothers or sisters – have had breast, bowel, melanoma or ovarian cancers)
  • pollution and toxins in the environment (dirty air and water, smoke and chemicals that we breathe)